The name of the Association shall be the Peruvian Horse Association of Australasia.
ARTICLE 2. OBJECTS
The objects of this organization shall be: -
1.. To establish and maintain the only registry for purebred Peruvian and partblood Peruvian (also known as Peruvian Paso) horses in Australasia.
2. To provide an Association of members who are interested in improving and expanding the breed in Australasia.
3 . To establish and define a standard for the breed, and to sponsor or encourage programs to assist members in breed improvement. APPENDIX A.
4. To establish the criteria for maintaining the purity of the breed, and determine which foreign registries will be accepted for registering horses in Australasia.
ARTICLE 3. BUSINESS ADDRESS
The principal place of business of this Association shall be Melbourne, Victoria, Australia - but its members and officers may reside elsewhere, and its mailing address may be located elsewhere.
The office for the registration of pedigrees shall be the office of Canadian Livestock Records Corporation, (CLRC) Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
ARTICLE 4. MEMBERSHIP
I. There shall be five classes of members:-
(a) HONORARY MEMBERS:-The Association may appoint honorary life members at a general meeting if the Board of Directors have, by resolution, named the proposed member or members and recommended that such appointment be made, but such honorary member shall take no part in the management of the Association's affairs, their position shall be purely honorary.
(b) OWNER-BREEDER MEMBERS: Annual members shall be those individuals, partnerships or companies incorporated under federal, state or provincial charter, resident in Australia, New Zealand or Canada, who pay the prescribed annual membership fee, due the first day of July of each year and are the recorded owner of at least one purebred Peruvian Horse registered with the Peruvian Horse Association of Australasia. An Owner-Breeder Member must have attained eighteen years of age in order to hold office or vote. Prior to actual registration certificates being issued by the registrar, owners of purebred Peruvian horses with registration applied for in the PHAA will be accepted as Owner-Breeder Members.
(c) ASSOCIATE MEMBERS: Associate members shall be those Individuals who are the recorded owner of a Partblood horse registered with the Peruvian Horse Association of
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Australasia, who pay the prescribed annual fee and are entitled to all privileges of membership, except they shall not hold office or be entitled to vote.
d) NON-RESIDENT MEMBERS shall be those individuals who are the recorded owner of a purebred horse registered with the Peruvian Horse Association of Australasia but currently reside outside of Australasia or Canada may become annual members on the approval of the Board of Directors, but shall not hold office or be entitled to vote.
(e) AFICIONADO: (Ah-fee-see-oh-naw-doe) Non-voting members who do not own a horse registered in the PHAA and who are interested in Peruvian Horses and whose dues shall be set forth in the fee schedule.
2. Applicants for membership shall be in writing and each applicant on becoming a member shall agree to be bound by the constitution and amendments thereto and all rules of the association, but the association shall have power to reject any application for membership.
Membership in this association shall be issued in the name of a single individual, husband and wife, entire family, partnerships or corporation. There shall be no limit to the number of memberships that can be held by members of a family or partners in a partnership on members of a corporation provided that each member is the registered owner of a registered Peruvian horse or its equivalent and has paid a separate initiation fee or separate dues as required herein for membership. A joint membership shall lose its privilege of voting if one or more of the persons represented by that membership is penalized so as to become ineligible to vote. The remaining member(s) of the joint members would have to take out a new membership in order to vote. No member shall become entitled to more than one vote.
3. Fiscal year shall be July 1 - June 30.
4. All members in good standing shall as a matter of contract except as herein provided enjoy the same rights and privileges and be subject to the same liabilities as the original incorporators of this association. No member who is in arrears of membership or other fees or dues shall enjoy such rights and privileges.
5. A member in good standing is a member who has complied with the regulations as hereinafter set forth and who is not in arrears of membership or other fees or dues or suspended.
6. The financial liability of the members to the Association shall be limited to the amount due from him with respect to his membership and registration fee.
7. No member shall be entitled to any of the rights and privileges of the association during any year until his annual fee for that year is paid. On September 30th in each year all members who paid for the preceding year, but who have not paid for the current year, shall be removed from the membership roll. They may, however, elect to register or transfer at non-members rates during this three-month period. They may, nevertheless, again become members in the manner prescribed by these By-Laws.
8. No members shall hold office or be entitled to vote at a meeting or to give notice to amend these By-Laws if at the time in arrears of memberships or the fees or dues. A person, not a member,
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may at an annual general meeting pay the prescribed fee but he shall not be entitled to vote unless his application for membership is accepted by a two-thirds vote of the members present.
Part 1. If the Association finds that any person has failed to comply with any of these rules and Regulations, or has been guilty of any misconduct or misrepresentation which in any way or manner involved the purpose or good name of the association, such person may be expelled from membership, and may be denied the privileges of the Association and subjected to such other penalties as may be within its power to impose.
Part 2. Any party in interest may file a statement with the Association a specifying the alleged act or acts of misconduct or misrepresentation of another. The Secretary shall refer copies of said statement, together with any other pertinent information to the Board of Directors. If a majority of the Board concludes that the charges, if true, involve the purpose and integrity of the Association, said Board shall investigate the charges. Before any action shall be taken against the party accused, he shall be furnished with a concise statement of the charges, together with a notice that he file a written answer thereto within 15 days, or in default thereof, said charge may be taken as true. The Board, in its sound discretion, may decide the issue upon the findings from written submission or will order a hearing. The decision of the Board shall be final.
10. Any person expelled from membership by any other organization incorporated under the Animal Pedigree Act shall not be eligible for membership in this Association and if he is a member of this Association at the time of such expulsion, his membership shall hereupon forthwith terminate automatically. Any person so suspended or expelled shall have no claim against this Association or any interest in the property or assets of this Association.
ARTICLE 5. ELECTION OF DIRECTORS
The business of the Association shall be managed by an elected board of Directors, consisting of seven ( 7) Directors. Candidates for the Board of Directors must meet the following qualifications:-
I . Be an eligible voter in the Association.
2. To be an Owner-Breeder Member in good standing.
3 . Not have been publicly censured or suspended by this association during the two years immediately prior to the election.
4. Not have been publicly censured or suspended more than once by this Association.
A director is required to be a member in good standing during his entire term of office and ceases to be a Director simultaneously if he ceases to be a member in good standing. Neither officers nor other directors nor employees are liable or responsible for the debts of the Association. Directors shall be elected from the list of eligible members by a ballot circulated to all voting members by First Class mail addressed to their known addresses. The ballots, together with a pre-addressed return envelope and an announcement of the date, time, and place set for counting shall be mailed by the Association at least thirty (45) days prior to the date of the Annual Meeting for that year, or in the case of a Special Election. These forms must be kept on file by the Association Secretary for at least one (1) year following the election and must be available for the inspection by any member.
Ballots must be returned by mail in the provided envelope and shall be brought sealed to the Annual Meeting or, in the case of a Special Election, to the places set for counting by the Board of
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Directors, where they shall be opened and counted in the presence of any members who wish to attend.
Voting members shall have the privilege of writing in the name of a candidate.
Any vacancy on the Board of Directors which occurs between Annual Elections shall be filled by appointment by the Board of Directors within sixty (60) days. If a majority of the Directors do not agree on an appointment within sixty (60) days of the vacancy, the vacancy shall be filled by a Special Election of the General Membership, with an additional forty-five (45) days. The Director elected or appointed to fill a vacancy shall serve out the unexpired portion of the term of the Director whom he replaces. Directors shall serve for a term of three (3) years from the date of election or until their successors are elected, unless elected to fill a vacancy. The number of Directors whose terms expire in any given year will be limited to three (3).
ARTICLE 6. OFFICERS
The officers of this association shall be the president, first vice-president, second vice-president, secretary and treasurer. The Vice presidents are the only offices that may be combined. Officers of the Association must be chosen from the Board of Directors. Officers shall be elected by the Board of Directors at the Annual Meeting of the Board held in conjunction with the Annual General Membership meeting. Each officer shall serve for a period of one (1) year from the date of his appointment unless he resigns or unless his elected term on the board expires earlier or unless he is removed for cause. In the event of the death, disqualification, or disability of any of the officers of the Association, the Board of Directors shall appoint a replacement who will serve out the unexpired term.
The Board may also appoint an Executive Secretary and/or Executive Director. These offices will be those of employees and carry no vote in their own right.
ARTICLE 7. DUTIES OF OFFICERS AND APPOINTEES
President:- Subject to the supervision of the Board of Directors, the president shall be the Chief Executive Officer of the association and, subject to the approval and control of the Board, shall have general supervision, direction and control of the Association. He shall preside at all meetings of the voting members and of the Board of Directors (unless he appoints another person to preside),shall be an ex-officio member of all standing committees, and shall have the general powers and duties normally vested in a president.
First Vice- President:- In the absence or disability of the president, the first vice-president shall perform the duties of the president and who so acting shall have all the powers and be subject to all the restrictions of the president. The first vice-president shall have such other powers and perform such other duties as from time to time may be prescribed for him by the Board of Directors or the president.
Second Vice-President-In the absence or disability of the president and/or the first vice- president, the second vice-president shall perform all duties of the president and/or the first vice- president, and who so acting shall have all of the powers and be subject to all the restrictions of the president and/or the first vice-president. The second vice-president shall have such other powers and duties as from time to time may be prescribed for him by the Board of Directors or the president.
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Secretary:-It shall be the duty of the secretary to keep accurate records of all proceedings of both regular and special meetings of both the general membership and the Board of Directors and to attend such meetings if at all possible. If the secretary is unable to attend a meeting, he must advise the president in writing at least one week prior to the meeting so that a temporary secretary for that meeting can be appointed. The secretary shall give or cause to be given notice of all meetings of the general Membership and the Board of Directors as required by these by- laws. A record of all regular and special meetings of the Board of Directors shall be sent or caused to be sent to the entire membership by the secretary within sixty (60) days, either in the next regular mailing or by special mailing or electronic mail. A permanent Book of Minutes shall be kept in hard copy or electronic file and shall be made available for inspection by any member at the home of the secretary or another placed assigned by the Board and announced to the Membership. The duties of the secretary may be assigned wholly or in part to an executive secretary and/or executive director by the Board of Directors. The secretary keeps the articles of incorporation of the Peruvian Horse Association of Australasia.
Treasurer:-The treasurer shall collect all money due the Association and payout funds of the Association under the direction and control of the Board of Directors. The treasurer or other officers elected by the Board shall be qualified to sign cheques. The treasurer shall keep an accurate record of such funds, using standard accounting procedures to record all income and expenditures. He shall issue or cause to be issued a duly audited Annual Financial Statement to the entire membership prior to March 31 st of the following year. The duties of the treasurer may be assigned wholly or in part to the executive secretary and/or executive director by the Board of Directors.
Executive Secretary and Executive Director:-The Board of Directors may appoint an executive secretary and/or an executive director whose compensation and expense reimbursement shall be decided by the Board of Directors. The Board may appoint an executive secretary or executive directors of the Association, to be the Chief Administrative Officer of the Association and shall handle business and professional matters as directed by the Board of Directors. The executive secretary and/or executive director shall not be a member of the Board of Directors and need not be a member of the Association.
The voting members at the Annual Meeting of the association shall either elect an Auditing Committee of no less than two voting members, or appoint an independent auditor, to audit the financial statements of this Association for each year.
ARTICLE 9. CORPORATE SEAL
The seal, as stamped in the margin thereof shall be the corporate seal of the Association.
ARTICLE I O. MEETINGS
I . The Annual General Meeting shall be held in conjunction with the Annual National Show. If the Board of Directors decides that no show shall be held, a notice of at least thirty
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(30)days in advance shall be given by post, indicating the time and place of the meeting. This notice shall be given by a circular letter postage prepaid to each of the members at his last known post office address appearing on the books of the Association, or by electronic mail. In the event of the Association publishing an official publication, a notice published therein shall be deemed to be sufficient.
A copy of the notice calling an annual or general meeting shall be forwarded to the Minister of Agriculture for Peruvian Horse Association of Australasia and to the Director, Canadian Livestock Records Corporation in a like manner as to members of the Association.
2. Notice of meetings of the board of Directors other than the one immediately following the annual general meeting shall be mailed postage prepaid or emailed to each one of them forty-five (45) days at least before the date of meeting to his last known post office address appearing on the books of the Association.
3 . A meeting of the Board of Directors may be held on shorter notice or without written notice providing all Directors have given their consent to the meeting being held. A minute of such consent shall be entered in the minutes.
4. For the transactions of the business of the Association at a Special or Annual General Meeting or conducting of a mail ballot, a quorum shall be 50% of voting members or 15 members, whichever number is smaller. At a meeting of the Board of Directors, a quorum shall be four (4).
5. Special meetings of the general membership of the Association for any purpose or purposes whatsoever may be called at any time by the President or by the Board of Directors, or by two-thirds( 2/3) of the voting members.
6. Notices of General Membership meetings, Annual or Special, except as above provided shall be given in writing at least forty-five (45) days before the meeting date to all voting members by the secretary. Robert's Rules of Order (revised) may be used as the governing parliamentary law of the corporation in all cases not definitely provided for in these by-laws.
7. A copy of the minutes of all meetings of the Board of Directors shall be mailed within thirty (30) days following such meeting, to each Director and to the Directors Canadian National Livestock records. Minutes shall be considered as approved 14 days later, unless corrections have been called for by a Board member and the secretary notified.
8. The Board of Directors at each annual general meeting shall submit a complete report of its acts and of the affairs of the association it shall present a detailed statement duly audited of the receipts and expenditures of the preceding year and of the assets and liabilities of the Association. A copy of this report, a list of the officers elected and the representatives to the Canadian Livestock Records Corporation, also general information on the affairs of the Association shall be sent to the Minister of Agriculture for Canada and to the Director of Canadian Livestock Records Corporation within twenty( 20) days after the annual meeting. A copy of the annual report may be mailed or ernailed to each member in good standing.
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ARTICLE I 1. NATIONAL SHOWS
This Association will encourage Shows, which will be known as Regional Shows, unless applied for as a National Show of an Australasian country. There will be only one show in each country named, designated and approved as a National Show. These shows shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Directors of this Association. The champions of this show in Australia shall be known as the Australian National Champions, and no other champions will be so recognized by this Association. The Champions of an approved National Show in New Zealand shall be known as the New Zealand National Champions, and no other champions shall be so recognized by this Association. This principle shall hold true for the National Shows of any Asia- Pacific country. Only horses registered with this registry. No exhibitor may be required to be a member of this Association or any other organization in order to compete in an approved show. Approved shows may not be closed to anyone other than a person suspended from showing privileges by the PHAA Special non-member fees may be charged to non-members of this Association in addition to regular entry fees in an approved show.
ARTICLE 12. A FFILIATED REGIONAL CLUBS OR ASSOCIATIONS
The Board of Directors, employees and committees of the Association shall assist all interested members in the establishment and promotion of affiliated regional clubs and/or Regional Associations. They shall encourage membership and participation in all the activities of such affiliated Regional Clubs or Associations and they shall make available all possible assistance including but not limited to the assistance of Association officers, Committees, records, publications, and discounts. Regional clubs or Associations which wish to become affiliated with this association must;
1. Apply for affiliation;
2. Adopt by-laws, rules and regulations and ethical guidelines which are in accordance with and not conflict with the PHAA by-laws, rules and regulations, and code of ethics;
3. Have a minimum ofthree(3) members who are annual members of this Association;
4. Require that the majority of officers of the Regional Club or Association be annual members in good standing of this association.
Affiliated clubs or associations are not responsible for the debts of the PHAA
In the event that a Regional Club or Association wishes to disaffiliate from this Association, the affiliation will be dropped immediately upon the taken of an affirmative vote of the club's or Association's voting members who actually own Peruvian Horses registered with the official Registry of the PHAA. This vote must be taken in accordance with the voting requirements contained in these by- laws and is a requirement for disaffiliation.
ARTICLE 13. A MENDMENTS TO BY-LAWS
These by-laws may be amended at any general meeting of the association by the affirmative vote of FIFTY-ONE percent (51 %) of the members present, or by mail ballot with the affirmative vote of sixty percent (60%)0 f the ballots returned.
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The procedure for conducting a mail ballot shall be the same as that described under Article 5, Election of Directors.
No amendment shall be valid until approved by the Minister of Agriculture for Australasia.
Notice of all proposed amendments shall be sent to the secretary forty (40) days in advance of a general meeting and they shall be included in the notice calling such meeting, otherwise they shall not be dealt with.
All proposed changes in the by- laws must be voted upon separately, item by item. There will be no "blanket" ballots that change more than one subsection at a time.
ARTICLE 14. REGISTRATION
The Peruvian Horse Association of Australasia is not empowered to register and cannot register any animal if it is not provided with complete and authentic documentation as required in this constitution.
A register shall be kept at the office of the Peruvian Horse Association of Australasia. This register shall be known as Australasia Peruvian Horse Stud Book and shall be published by the Association at such time as decided by the Board of Directors and in such form as the information on office duplicates of certificates of registration issued warrants.
There shall be issued by the PHAA for all living animals registered a certificate of registration on the form adopted by the PHAA. The pedigree shall be in such form as decided on by the board of Directors.
Any person suspended or expelled from membership shall not be allowed the privileges of recording pedigrees in the record of the Association.
Any person prohibited from recording pedigrees by any other association incorporated under the Livestock Pedigree Act shall not be allowed to record pedigrees in the Canadian Peruvian Stud Book.
Identification: - The Board of Directors shall have the power to make regulations for a practical and effective system of identification of Peruvian Horses for registration.
Identification by microchip or lip tattoo or hot or freeze brand or any other form of permanent identification marking on a horse must be reported to the registrar of PHAA for notation on the registration certificate.
Registration of Names:- All names will be Spanish composed of no more than four (4) parts or twenty- five (25) letters. Alphabetical prefixes or suffixes will be required and must be registered with the association with the exception of imported horses. The only registered prefix/suffix allowed will be that of the breeder or immediate family member provided that the family member does not have a prefiX/suffix registered in their own right. A fee, assessed by the Board of Directors, may be charged for the registration of alphabetical prefix/ suffix and the registered owners of such a prefix or suffix will have exclusive rights to its use. Prefix/Suffix letters that spell a word of negative meaning will not be permitted.
The owner of a horse at time of death may re-use the name with the addition of Roman numerals and/or registered prefix. Alternatively, if the owner does not wish to use this name, the breeder of the horse may re-use the name with written consent of the owner.
The following names are not eligible for use:-
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a. Names exactly the same as another horse including the prefiX/suffix, unless falling under the clause of re-use of names above.
b. Names which are suggestive of or which have a VUlgar or obscene meaning.
NOTE:-The Association reserves the right to approve or disapprove any name, prefix or suffix whether or not it falls under any of these specific prohibitions set forth above.
Amendments will be permitted to be made by the Breeder within 30 days of registration certificate issuance date. Must be accompanied by letter of explanation and original certificate of reg istration.
Private Breeding records:-That each stallion owner shall keep accurate records which shall contain full particulars of their breeding operations, including mare's name, sire, dam, colour, gender, and foaling date of any foals born on the stallion owners' premises. These records shall be available for inspection by the Board of Directors of PHAA and officials of the Canadian Livestock Records Corporation. All persons standing a stallion at either public or private service shall file with the Registrar of PHAA a list of all mares bred to each stallion, together with the date of service. This list must be filed by June 30th following the breeding date. Semen transfer forms for semen sold during the year must accompany stallion reports. Owner of semen will her responsible for reporting mares inseminated on a Certificate of AI. Service. Stallions must be registered with PHAA, PHAC or NPHAA ..
All stallions standing for public or private service must be DNA by a laboratory approved by the Association Board of Directors and acceptable 0 the CLRC, and the results filed with the Association.
The Board of Directors shall be entitled to suspend any stallion owner, lessee or authorized agent for failing to comply with any of the requirements and furthermore, the Board of Directors shall be entitled to refuse or cancel any registrations resulting from such failure to comply.
Application For Registration:-Application for registration of all animals must be made on forms supplied free by PHAA All blank spaces must be filled in, with ink or typewritten and the form must be appropriately signed by properly authorized persons.
All applicants must include a certificate of semen ownership and a certificate of AI. service or a breeding certificate signed by both the stallion and mare owner, or mare lessee that shows all breeding dates and that clearly states that the animal was produced by breeding methods acceptable to the PHAA. The Lessee for breeding purposes must have a lease agreement registered with the PHAA.
Transfers and duplicate Certificates:- Application for registration of change of ownership must be made on forms supplied, and must give date of sale and date of delivery. Change of ownership will be endorsed on the back of the original certificate of registration which must be forwarded to the Peruvian Horse Association of Australasia.
Transfer forms will be supplied free by the PHAA
A duplicate certificate may not be issued unless a statutory declaration is furnished by a member accounting to the satisfaction of the Registrar or the loss or destruction of the original.
Rules of Eligibility-
The following shall be eliqible for purebred registration:-
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I . An animal born the progeny of two animals registered in the Peruvian Horse Association of Australasia.
2 An animal born the progeny of a mare registered in the Peruvian Horse Association of Australasia and a stallion registered with the Peruvian Horse Association of Canada (PHAC), or with the North America Peruvian Horse Association (NPHAA) or with the Asociacion Nacional de Criadores y Proprietarios de Caballos Peruano de Paso (ANCPCPP). *Provision is made for registration of offspring where both parents are registered outside of the PHAA stud book, with full board (PHAA) approval
3. An animal registered in the Stud Book of the Asociacion Nacional de Criadores y Proprietarios de Caballos Peruano de Paso, Lima, Peru, showing sire and dam.
4. An animal registered with the Peruvian Horse Association of Canada (PHAC).
5. An animal registered in the Stud Book of the North American Peruvian Horse Association.
6. In order for a colt to be registered as a breeding stallion he must have on file a veterinary certificate of examination of two descended testicles and a DNA typing test.
7. To change a male horse's registration to that of a gelding a veterinary certificate must be supplied attesting to the removal of two testicles.
8. For stallions registered for breeding beginning in the year 2000, a veterinary certificate is required to be on file confirming normal teeth alignment.
9 For females the default designation will be "approved for breeding purposes". Should the breeder of a mare or a subsequent owner determine that the mare should not be used for producing purebred offspring, or they wish to sell the mare as a non-breeding mare whether spayed or not, the registrar must be notified in writing using the published form for this purpose, the specified fee, and the certificate surrendered. The mare will then be marked as "Not Approved for Breeding" and no purebred offspring will be registered from that mare henceforth. If this designation is specified prior to her initial registration, no DNA typing shall be required and the fee will be waived.
Any question of true parentage will be resolved as requested by the Board of Directors and may include DNA or blood type testing of the horses involved. These tests will be at the expense of the breeder and shall be paid in advance. Beginning with foals born in the year 2009, every foal will be parentage verified at owner's expense. Should one or both parents be unavailable for DNA typing due to being deceased or residing in another country or other difficulty, the Board of Directors shall have the option of waiving the DNA verification compared to one or both parents. The application to waive DNA verification must be made in writing by the owner of the horse to be registered, stating the reason the waver is requested.
A. Pasture Breeding:- No foal conceived by pasture breeding will be registered unless the
following procedures are adhered to:-
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a. Only one stallion can run with a mare or group of mares and they must be
enclosed by permanent barriers that are substantial and so maintained that no other stallion could possibly breed any mare in the pasture.
b. No ungelded male more than ten months of age, other than the single designated
breeding stallion, shall be allowed to run with a mare or group of mares.
c. If the stallion running with the band of mares is removed a period of at least forty-
two( 42) days must elapse before the mares are exposed to any other stallion.
d. The recorded owner of the stallion used in pasture breeding must state in the
stallion breeding report the date the stallion was turned out to run with one or more mare(s) and the date the stallion was separated from the mare(s). Exposure dates must be recorded in all breeding records.
B. Hand Breeding:- When hand breeding is used, a mare may not be or have been exposed to any ungelded male more than ten months of age other than the breeding stallion within forty-two (42) days. In any case where mares are inadvertently (or otherwise) rebred or exposed to a different stallion before forty-two (42) days have elapsed, blood or DNA Tests (at the mare owners expense) will be required to help establish true sire identification before a registrations application can be considered. The blood or DNA tests must establish one stallion as the possible sire and eliminate all but one of the stallions as the possible sire, as one requisite for registration.
Eligibility for Partblood registration -
The following animals will be eligible for registration as a Partblood in PHAA:
1. An animal born the progeny of a stallion registered in the Peruvian Horse Association of Australasia or with the Peruvian Horse Association of Canada (PHAC), or with the North America Peruvian Horse Association (NPHAA).
2. An animal born the progeny of a mare registered in the Peruvian Horse Association of Australasia or with the Peruvian Horse Association of Canada (PHAC), or with the North America Peruvian Horse Association (NPHAA).
3. Partblood animals will be designated as to the fraction of Peruvian lineage. The progeny of a purebred and a grade animal shall be designated as Yz Peruvian; the progeny of a purebred and a Yz Peruvian shall be designated as % and so on.
4. No animal that is the progeny of a partblood animal shall be registered as a pureblood, regardless of how high the fraction of Peruvian lineage may be.
5. Male partblood animals designated as 1/2 or % Partblood shall not be registered unless castrated with two testicles removed.
6. Male partblood animals designated as 7/8 or higher may be registered as stallions in the Partblood studbook, with a veterinary certificate of two descended testicles and teeth alignment in the normal range.
ARTICLE 15. ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION
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An otherwise qualified foal is eligible for registration if it is begotten by a stallion's natural service of a mare and if a natural gestation takes place and delivery is from the body of them are in which the foal is conceived. Natural service includes for the purpose of this paragraph, the immediate reinforcement of the stallion's service by a portion of the ejaculate produced by the stallion's service. Any animal produced by semen which has been transported from the premises of collection, or has been frozen, shall be eligible for registration with PHAA.
1. The recorded owner(s) of one or more stallions intended for use in an artificial
insemination program shall apply to the PHAA for a permit covering each stallion to be used for artificial insemination during the calendar year. This application shall consist of.-
a. Name of stallion
b. Registration number of stallion
c. Place of semen collection
d. Stallion's blood type( or after 2000, DNA type)
This permit must be in effect for any calendar year that the stallion is used for A I. breeding, however a permit may be issued to cover a five year period for a single designated fee.
2. No stallion used on an AI. program shall be bred to more than forty (40) Canadian registration mares in one calendar year.
3. Collection of semen from the stallion and inseminations using this semen may be performed by a licensed veterinarian or an AI. technician.
4. DNA tests will be performed on any foal conceived by artificial insemination or embryo transplant, at the owner's expense, before such foal will be registered. Blood typing may be used for parentage verification for AI foals born prior to 2000, at the discretion of the Board of Directors.
5. If the mare has been inseminated using semen transferred to the mare owner, only the semen owner's signature is required to register the resulting foal and said mares need not be noted on stallion report provided that a copy of the semen transfer is on file.
ARTICLE I 6. EMBRYO TRANSFERS
Embryo transfer shall be allowed.
Embryos if sold, will be recorded on a Transfer of Embryo form and registration of a foal resulting from that implanted embryo will require only the signature of the registered embryo owner.
ARTICLE 17. STALLION REPORTS
Stallion reports shall be filed by June 30 of each year to include all mares serviced and all dates serviced since July 1 of the previous year. These reports shall be filed by the owner of the stallion. In
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the case of a leased stallion, the lessee shall file the stallion report. Semen transfer forms for semen sold during the year must accompany stallion reports.
ARTICLE 18. BREEDER
For the purpose of this association, the recorded owner of a mare, or mare lessee, at time of service, is the breeder of the resulting progeny.
The Peruvian Horse Association of Australasia (PHAA) will adopt such breed standards and other guidelines deemed acceptable to both the regulations and intent.
Fees will be established by the Board of Directors. Fee Schedule to be published annually via official newsletter, electronically or hard copy.
In these By-Laws and appendices hereto and any rules pursuant hereto
(a) The masculine shall include the feminine and neuter.
(b) The singular shall include the plural.
The Peruvian Horse Association of Australasia shall establish show rules and/or opt to approve shows run under the rules of another Peruvian Horse Association.